Treating and preventing liver disease in dogs

What are the symptoms of liver disease in dogs?

The main symptoms to look out for are:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight Loss
  • Vomiting or diarrhoea
  • Lethargy /lack of energy/weakness
  • Jaundice (yellowing of gums, eyes and skin)
  • Swollen abdomen from fluid accumulation
  • Increased thirst/need to pee
  • Unsteady walk
  • Confusion
  • Change in behaviour
  • Seizures

You should contact your veterinarian as soon as you notice any of these symptoms. The symptoms of liver disease in dogs can be very similar to other serious conditions so the sooner you get a diagnosis the sooner you can start treatment.

What causes liver disease in dogs and how can I prevent it?

There are a number of causes of liver disease including:

  • Breed: certain breeds are predisposed to certain liver conditions, including Bedlington Terriers, West Highland White Terriers, Doberman Pinschers, Skye Terriers, Yorkshire Terriers, Irish Wolfhounds, Cocker Spaniels and Labrador Retrievers.
  • Age: as with humans, the risk of developing certain diseases increases as your dog gets older. Liver dysfunction is common in geriatric dogs.
  • Medications: in most cases liver damage caused by medications is the result of overdose or extended use of the following: certain antibiotics, antifungals, diuretics, dewormers, testosterone, anesthetic gases, corticosteroids, analgesics, and anti-convulsants. Some medications such as paracetamol are extremely toxic even in small doses.
  • Toxins: insecticides, antifreeze, paint solvents, lead, selenium, iron, arsenic, phosphorous and carbon tetrachloride can cause liver damage, as can some plants such as algae, ragwort and some types of mushrooms.
  • Diseases: diabetes, pancreatic diseases, untreated heartworm disease and viral and bacterial infections can all cause problems with the liver.

While not all cases of liver disease in dogs can be prevented, there are a few things you can do to reduce the risk:

  • Keep your dog’s vaccinations are up to date.
  • Don’t feed your dog fatty foods and allow for plenty of exercise.
  • Keep all medications and chemicals out of reach of your dog and avoid letting him/her run free in areas where there may be poisonous plants or insects.

What are the treatment options for liver disease in dogs?

Jasper – a handsome chappy who takes Samylin to support his liver.

Treatment is aimed at resting the liver and will depend on the cause and how much damage there is. There are a number of things your veterinary surgeon may suggest:

  • Medication: Your vet may prescribe a medication such as ursodeoxycholic acid, furosemide or penicilliamine. Remember you do not have to get the medication itself from the vet; your vet is obligated to write a prescription so that you can obtain the medication elsewhere which is usually cheaper. Give us a ring on freephone 0800 0241 329 for prices on prescription medicines.
  • Dietary changes: Your vet may recommend a food specially formulated for dogs with liver problems such as Hills L/D or Royal Canin Hepatic
  • Supplements: Your vet may recommend an over-the-counter supplement such as Samylin, Denamarin or Hepaticare. These contain SAMe (S-adenosylmethionine), a substance normally produced by the liver that is necessary for many functions of liver cells.

Always ensure that you check with your veterinary surgeon before changing your dog’s diet or starting on a new supplement, even one that is available without a prescription.

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Keep pets safe and stress free over the firework season

Keep pets safe and stress free with Adaptil and FeliwayWith bonfire night fast approaching and lots of fireworks going off, it is time for pet owners to start keeping an eye on their pets, as it can be a stressful time for many cats and dogs. Bright lights and the huge booms and bangs from fireworks can all cause your pets to become restless and extremely uncomfortable and it is important to do everything that you can to keep pets safe and stress free at this possibly terrifying time of year.

A survey by the PDSA has revealed that 73% of owners have a pet that is scared of fireworks. Of these, a quarter described their pet’s fear as ‘seriously damaging’, with their pets suffering from symptoms including cowering and hiding (77%), trembling and shaking (75%), loss of appetite (28%) and excessive barking (22%). According to the PDSA, an important tip for owners – which many find surprising – is that they should not reassure or comfort their pets if they are scared, as this can make the problem worse. Owners, understandably, want to comfort and reassure pets when they are anxious, but this actually rewards their pets’ fearful behaviour and teaches them that it is the correct response. Instead owners of cats and dogs should behave normally and upbeat so that their pet sees there is nothing to be afraid of.

Other ways to reduce a pets anxiety at his time of year are to make sure that pets are kept inside, make sure dogs are walked earlier in the day before fireworks are set off, draw the curtains, switch on the television/radio to help block out the sound of the fireworks, prepare a den for your pet where they can feel safe, try not to leave your pet alone and try using a pheromone (natural calming scents which only pets can smell) plug-in or spray to help keep your pet calm while fireworks are being set off.

Here at Vetpharmacy, we offer a range of pheromone plug-in’s and sprays to help keep your cat or dog calm. Products such as an Adaptil diffusers (plug-in), Adaptil Spray and Adaptil collars for dogs, can all help to ease your dog’s anxiety. Adaptil, formerly known as DAP, is a range of products which calm anxious dogs by delivering a scent into the air. It cannot be detected by humans, but it seems to have a unique effect on dogs. Pheromones are found widely in the natural world and can have a profound effect on animal behaviour. Dogs with their sensitive noses are known to respond to them, and Adaptil uses this effect in a useful way. Adaptil products contain a compound manufactured to mimic a natural pheromone produced by bitches while feeding their puppies. In puppies it works to reassure them as they explore the world around them. It has been found that Adaptil works on both young and adult dogs, helping to comfort and reassure them in stressful or fearful situations.

Products available to help ease stress for your cat include the Feliway Diffuser and Feliway Spray. Feliway is a feline facial pheromone, which mimics the cat’s natural pheromones, creating a state of well-being and calmness relieving pet stress. Feliway creates a reassuring environment calming your cat and stopping such problems as scratching, excessive grooming, urine spraying, restoring your cats health and happiness.

It is important to keep cats and dogs safe from the stresses that can be caused during the Guy Fawkes season. Pheromone based anxiety relief product, such as Adaptil and Feliway are perfect to help calm your pets.

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Cat and Dog Joint Care

Dog WalkingAs we get older, our joints start to deteriorate. This is the same with cats and dogs too – it is estimated that 20% of cats and one in seven dogs suffer from arthritis. Just as we take joint supplements, you should consider giving these to your pet too. Unfortunately they can’t tell you when they are in pain, so the onus is on us to know what to look out for:

Arthritis in dogs

This usually targets around the paws, shoulders and lower back. While it is usually seen in older dogs, it can develop from an early age following problems with bone and joint development. Certain large breed dogs are more prone to arthritis, including Labrador Retrievers, Golden Retrievers, German Shepherds, Rottweilers and Great Danes. In addition, dogs that are part of the chondrodystrophoid group such as Dachshunds, Bulldogs and Basset Hounds are genetically predisposed to joint and cartilage disorders. Here’s what to look out for:

  • Difficulty jumping up and down from surfaces or furniture, going up and down stairs and getting in and out of the car.
  • Preferring to lie down rather than sit or stand.Stiffness, especially after resting.
  • Licking their joints.
  • Difficulty reaching down to their food and water bowl.
  • Lagging behind or tiring easily during walks.
  • No longer running to greet you.
  • Being quieter than usual and/or interacting less with the family.
  • Acting defensively and getting irritable or growling or whimpering if touched.

Arthritis in cats

Cats are experts at hiding discomfort and pain, so often do not demonstrate obvious signs you would expect and very rarely show signs of limping or pain associated with arthritis so it is very important for cat owners to know what to look out for:

  • Sleeping more and/or being less active.
  • Being less willing to jump up or down.
  • Only jumping up or down from lower heights.
  • Showing signs of stiffness.
  • Being more reluctant to greet you or interact with you.
  • Play with other animals or toys less.
  • Having a poor coat/spending less time grooming.
  • Showing signs of lameness or limping.
  • Having more accidents outside the litter tray.
  • Having difficulty getting in or out of the cat flap.
  • Having difficulty going up or down stairs.

Adding a joint care supplement to your pet’s diet

So you’ve decided to add a joint care supplement to your pet’s diet, but which one do you give? Navigating this area can be a minefield so here we summarise the main ingredients used in cat and dog joint care supplements and compare some of the most popular ones. When considering the cost, don’t forget to factor in dosage as some of the cheaper ones may require more than one tablet/capsule per day.


A substance naturally found in the body, glucosamine contributes to the formation of the joint building blocks (glycosaminoglycans) needed to make cartilage, tendons, ligaments and joint fluid. It also acts as a biological signal to switch on the repair of these tissues and to suppress inflammation and the breakdown of cartilage. Its production declines with age, so supplementing a healthy diet with glucosamine could help to ease achy joints and stiffness.


Chondroitin is a substance that occurs naturally in the connective tissues of animals and is a vital part of cartilage. Studies have found that taking chondroitin can prevent cartilage breaking down and can also stimulate its repair mechanisms. Chondroitin is most commonly found in joint supplements alongside glucosamine.


MSM (methyl-sulfonyl-methane) is a natural sulfur compound that is claimed to be an antioxidant, cell rejuvenator and joint healer. It has anti-inflammatory and pain reducing properties and is reported to enhance the structural integrity of connective tissue.

Omega 3 Fatty Acids

Omega 3 fatty acids help to reduce inflammation and help to block  the production of enzymes responsible for joint degradation. They have also been shown to decrease symptoms of morning stiffness, tender or swollen joints and joint pain in humans and are thought to have a similar effect in animals. As well as helping to support joints, omega-3 fatty acids also support your pet’s skin and coat condition and help promote a healthy heart and brain.

Green-Lipped Mussel

Native to New Zealand, Green-Lipped Mussels are rich in omega-3 fatty acids and have a unique combination of other fatty acids not found in any other marine or plant life that make them a great natural anti-inflammatory. Studies have also shown that they are used in order to reduce pain, and they can act as a feeding stimulant.

Hyaluronic Acid

Hyaluronic Acid is a major part of the cushioning ‘synovial’ fluid in the joint, therefore supplementation can help to lubricate, cushion and make your pet feel more comfortable.


Rosehip is a herbal medication with anti-inflammatory properties. It works in a similar way to aspirin, hindering a group of enzymes involved in the pain and inflammation process. It has been shown to inhibit the activity of inflammatory white blood cells, while also lowering levels of inflammatory markers in the blood.


Collagen is the dominant protein in the connective tissue, found in the muscles, tendons, bones, cartilage and skin. Research has found that taking collagen can improve the symptoms of arthritis by stimulating the body’s production of joint collagen.



Name What it looks like Key Ingredients Suitable for Price Other Formats
Johnson’s 4joints Extra Strength Tablets 30s Johnson's_4_Joints_Extra_Strength_Tablets Glucosamine, Chondroitin, Omega 3 and Green Lipped Mussel Cats and Dogs £4.39 Johnson’s 4joints Extra Strength Liquid
Synoquin EFA Large Breed Chewable Tablets 120s Synoquin_EFA_Large_Breed_Capsules Glucosamine, Chondroitin and Dexahan (a rich source of omega 3 fatty acids) Dogs (Cat version available) £58.99 Synoquin EFA Large Breed Capsules, Synoquin EFA Medium Breed Chewable Tablets, Synoquin EFA Medium Breed Capsules, Synoquin EFA Small Breed Chewable Tablets, Synoquin EFA Small Breed Capsules, Synoquin EFA for Cats Capsules
Yumove Dog 60s  Yumove_Dog_Tablets_60s Glucosamine HCl 250mg, Green Lipped Mussel 150mg, Hyaluronic Acid 1.5mg Dogs £11.25 Yumove Dog 120s, Yumove Dog 300s, Yumove Active Dog
Arthri-Aid Omega Liquid 250ml Arthri-Aid_250ml Glucosamine HCL 600mg, Chondroitin Sulphate 240mg, Omega 3 Fatty Acids 250mg and MSM 250mg Cats and Dogs £15.89 Arthri-Aid Omega Liquid 500ml, Arthri Aid Tablets 120s
Magnacare SC Palatable Pellets 500g Magnacare Joint Supplement Glucosamine, Chondroitin, Collagen and MSM Dogs £28.19 N/A
Vitapet R-A Joint Formula 400ml  Vitapet_RA_Joint_Formula_Normal_Strength_400ml Omega-3 12.5% Cats and Dogs £8.29 Vitapet R-A Joint Formula (Double Strength)

What else can I do to support my pet’s joints?

  • Ensure your pet maintains a healthy weight: As with humans, excess weight puts extra pressure on the joints, so aim to keep your pet’s weight within the recommended range for its breed. Talk to your vet as they may recommend a specific weight management food and/or enroll your pet on a weight loss programme.
  • Encourage regular, gentle exercise: This is important to avoid stiffness and muscle wastage. Encourage cats to play each day and take dogs for several short walks each day instead of a long one.
  • Feed a good quality, healthy diet: Avoid too much rich or fatty food and give as much fresh food as possible. Try feeding two or three small meals a day rather than one large one. Speak to your vet who may recommend a specialised mobility formula food.
  • Raise water and food bowls: If your pet has difficulty bending down, raise its bowls. You can buy stands specifically for this purpose, or simply put them on top of a box or a piece of wood.
  • Keep your pet warm and cosy: Cold, damp and windy conditions can aggravate joint pain so avoid your pet going out in horrible whether where possible. Provide a warm, soft place to sleep with enough room to find a comfortable position to sleep in. For cats, try an ‘igloo’ bed as this can minimise drafts and make your cat feel warm and secure.
  • Reduce the amount of jumping your pet has to do: Try to arrange your pet’s eating and sleeping areas to minimise use of stairs and jumping on and off furniture. Provide steps or ramps or rearrange furniture to help cats access their favourite higher spots such as windowsills and sofas and ensure their litter tray has at least one low side for easy access.
  • Support their grooming: Arthritic pets may find it difficult to groom as normal so spend time grooming them and don’t forget overgrown claws need regular cutting.

Remember, if you see any changes in your cat or dog, always consult your veterinary surgeon.


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Is your pet suffering from a digestive upset?

Promax Once-A-DayDigestive upsets are a common complaint for both cats and dogs and can cause both pet and owner a large amount of stress. However, there is an updated product available that can help ease the discomfort of digestive upsets for pets – Once-A-Day Promax.

Digestive upsets suffered by pets can be caused by a number of different factors, including stress, a change in diet, eating scraps and other inappropriate foods, parasites, bacteria and an inability to properly digest food. Promax Once-A-Day is made up of natural ingredients and helps to reduce the effects of a digestive upset help restore intestinal function to normal.

Previously, Promax was only available as six packs of 10ml and 20ml syringes. This made it an expensive option for pet owners with only one pet to treat who had a short term digestive problem. Promax Once-A-Day is available as a single 9ml, 18ml or 30ml syringe and each syringe size is tailored to a different breed, based on the pet’s weight. Each syringe is also colour coded to make it easier for the pet owner to recognise which syringe is best suited to their pet. The yellow, 9ml syringe is suitable for cats and for dogs under 10kg and provides three 3ml doses; the orange, 18ml syringe is suitable for dogs weighting between 10 and 25kg and provides three 6ml doses; and the red, 30ml syringe is suitable for dogs over 25kg and provides three 10ml doses. In addition, each syringe has the dosage measurements marked on it for ease of administration and to minimise wastage.

Promax Once-A-Day is manufactured in the UK to pharmaceutical standards and is a triple action formula. It contains an EU registered probiotic that rapidly multiplies in the gut, reducing the acidity of the gut and stopping the growth of harmful bacteria, as well as a prebiotic that binds harmful bacteria so that it cannot attach to the gut lining. Furthermore, Promax One-A-Day contains montmorillonite, which is special clay that binds bacteria, toxins and viruses stopping them from causing further damage to the digestive system. It also contains glutamine, which provides vital energy to the cells lining the intestine, helping to reduce damage and speed recovery.

Promax One-A-Day provides pet owners with a real solution to their pets’ digestive problems and is more reasonably priced than the previous Promax product offering. Promax One-A-Day, alongside a whole host of other pet products – such as nutritional supplements for dogs and nutritionally tailored dog and cat food – is available at a competitive price here at Vetpharmacy.

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Pamper your pooch with the Animology range of dog grooming products

Animology Dirty DawgHere at Vetpharmacy, we stock the award winning range of Animology shampoos and sprays for dogs. The Animology range was voted Best Pet Product 2010, as well as being voted the Best Grooming Product 2012. The range consists of shampoos, no rinse shampoos and sprays and has been formulated to help achieve grooming perfection.

The pedigree of these grooming products has been highlighted by the addition of Animology as the official shampoo and spray range for Groom Team England. Groom Team England are one of the most successful international groom teams, competing biennially at the International Grooming Championships. Both Animology and Groom Team England also work closely to educate and support groomers by providing educational seminars throughout England.

The Animology dog shampoos that Vetpharmacy are now stocking are: Back to Black; White Wash; Dogs Body; Puppy Love; Flea & Tick; and Fox Poo. Fox Poo is a unique formula of dog shampoo that removes foul smelling and stubborn fox poo from your dog’s coat. It can also be used to remove cow, duck, sheep, badger and other animal faeces. Furthermore, it contains Pro-Vitamin B5 and conditioners to transform your dog’s coat.

In addition to regular dog shampoo, the Animology range also includes two no rinse shampoos: Dirty Dawg and Mucky Pup. Dirty Dawg helps to keep dogs of all breeds clean and fresh, containing conditioners and Pro-Vitamin B5 to improve their coat’s strength, health and condition. Mucky Pup has been especially designed for puppies from 6 weeks of age. However, it can also be used to keep both puppies and dogs clean and fresh.

The following sprays also comprise part of the Animology Range: Gloss Finish; Puppy Fresh; Stink Bomb; and Knot Sure. Knot Sure is an anti-tangle spray that also helps to prevent matted hair when used regularly. While Stink Bomb is infused with Animology’s signature scent to help keep dogs smelling fresh and clean between washes.

This professional quality range of dog grooming products will make sure that your pooch stays fresh, clean and looking their best and is available at a competitive price from Vetpharmacy.

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Why is Salmon Oil Good for Dogs?

If you have a dog that suffers from aching joints; irritated skin, is a fussy eater, or could simply do with a new lease of life: then Salmon Oil could be the ideal product. Salmon Oil is rich in Omega-3 and is especially suited to elderly dogs and those dogs that require extra care and attention. Salmon Oil could even help to improve your dogs’ brain development.

Omega-3 fatty acids can be found in most meat, however higher levels can be found in cold-water fish, such as salmon. The bulk of meat that can be found in regular dog food is grain-fed meat and therefore contains much lower levels of fatty acids than can be found in naturally raised, grass-fed animals. This means that, unfortunately, the level of Omega-3 in the majority of dogs’ diets is much lower than would ideally be found in a nutritionally sound diet.

Omega-3 is great for dogs as it helps to lubricate their skin, maintaining a glossy coat. In addition to this, it helps to maintain strong teeth and nails. It also helps to build better bones and sharper brains in young dogs, as well as aiding brain function in older dogs. Furthermore, it can help dogs that have irritated skin, as Omega-3 acts as an inflammatory agent, helping to soothe the irritated area.

Omega-3 is also extremely useful to help maintain a dogs’ joint health. It can help to ward off arthritis, which is one of the most common occurrences that cause dogs to need extra nutritional care. Years of running around can lead to joint pain and stiffness for many dogs and Omega-3 can help to ease this pain, as it has anti inflammatory properties. Omega-3 can also help to keep dogs healthy.

Salmon Oil is sustainably sourced so is not harmful to wild salmon stocks. It can be mixed into a dogs’ regular food or simply drizzled over the top, to add extra nutrients to their diet.

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Washing away your pet’s troubles: Why dog shampoo is so important

Dog’s are not always the cleanest of creatures, running across muddy fields, leaping into dirty puddles and digging holes in the dirt are just a few of the ways in which they can get themselves into a bit of a mess. All of these things can leave a dog dirty and smelly, and in need of a good bath and shampoo. However, shampooing a dog can have further benefits than just removing the mud and dirt from their daytime adventures. Dog shampoo can also be used to kill fleas, keep their coat in tip top condition and help to treat certain skin conditions. It is also important not to use human shampoo when bathing dogs, as a dog’s skin is slightly alkaline, whereas human skin is acidic; this means that human shampoos – including baby shampoo – can irritate their skin.

A dog should be bathed if it is dirty, smelly or has dry or greasy skin. It is important to make sure that the dog has a thorough bath and that the entire dog, including the hard to reach areas, such as its belly, has been shampooed. The dog must also be rinsed properly, to make sure that there is no excess shampoo left on the skin that could possibly cause irritation. If the dog is being bathed in order to clean off any dirt, or to remove any unwanted pet odour, then it can be a good idea to choose one of the many deodorising dog shampoos that are available on the market. These shampoos will help to leave the dog smelling clean and fresh for longer, helping to keep stale dog odours at bay.

Dog shampoo can also be used if a dog’s coat is beginning to look dull and lifeless, or does not appear to be as bright as it was previously. For instance, there are dog shampoos available on the market, which are specifically tailored for black or dark coats. These enhance the dark shades of the coat, helping the dog’s coat to appear shinier and healthier. In addition to this, there are also dog shampoos available that help to brighten and condition white coats. If the dog is of a longer haired breed, however, it may suffer from tangled or matted fur. In these cases, the best option is probably to use an anti-tangle shampoo, which has been specially formulated for these purposes.

Dog shampooFurthermore, dog shampoo can be used to help eliminate flea infestations. Flea infestations can be annoying and irritable for many dogs and are a common problem amongst household pets. In fact, it is believed that 1 in 10 dogs suffer from a flea infestation. The flea shampoos that are available for dogs kill off the fleas that may be living on the animal, while at the same time maintaining a healthy and glossy coat.

Certain breeds of dog are susceptible to skin conditions and dog shampoo can be an important tool to keep these dogs happier and healthier. Hypoallergenic dog shampoo is useful for dogs with sensitive and is designed to help relieve and control itching in dogs. There are also a range of medicated shampoos available, which are suitable for use on dogs that have dermatitis. Medicated dog shampoo is used to treat dog’s with a poor coat, flaky or greasy skin. It is important however that a vet’s advice is taken if the dog is believed to have a skin condition that has not yet been checked by a professional, to make sure that the use of medicated shampoos is the best option.

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Hills Science Plan VetEssentials pet food now available from Vetpharmacy

Hills Science Plan VetEssentials Cat and Dog FoodVetpharmacy is now stocking the new Hills Science Plan VetEssentials range of cat and dog food. VetEssentials pet food holds clinically proven health benefits, including unique plaque removing kibble. In addition to this the pet food range has larger kibble for increased chewing enjoyment, helps maintain vitality, aids weight management, maintains a healthy skin and coat, as well as aiding digestion and supporting a pet’s immune system.

A clinical study undertaken using VetEssentials dog food for Hills demonstrated that four weeks after having had their teeth completely cleaned, the amount of plaque was significantly lower in dogs that were being fed using the unique kibble technology in VetEssential dog food, than in those dogs that were fed regular dry dog food. In a similar study, cats that were fed VetEssentials cat food had lower plaque levels than those fed regular dry cat food. This is because the kibble used within the VetEssentials pet food range stays in contact with the tooth, right up to the gum line, without crumbling. This allows the kibble to gently remove plaque and tatar laden bacteria from the pets’ teeth.

VetEssentials also helps to encourage vitality through maintaining pets’ healthy bone and joint development. This is as a result of the precise balance of minerals and omega-3 fatty acids that are contained within the pet food. In addition, the pet food range also helps to maintain a healthy body weight, with clinically proven levels of L-carnitine. VetEssentials also contains high levels of Omega-6 to help promote a shiny coat and healthy skin. Furthermore, VetEssentials helps to support the digestive tract, as well as containing clinically proven high levels of antioxidants and vitamin E, to help support overall health and aid the immune system in younger pets. The Hills Science Plan VetEssentials range contains natural ingredients and naturally sourced DHA, an Omega-3 found in mother’s milk that helps to improve learning abilities in both puppies and kittens.

This new range of pet foods provides a whole host of health benefits for pets, by supporting oral health, digestion, joint health, skin and coat condition and maintaining a healthy immune system. VetEssentials is available at a competitive price from Vetpharmacy and other online pet food stores.

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A healthy dog is a happy dog: Why dog nutrition is so important.

Making sure that pets are happy and healthy is a very important matter. Canine nutrition is the key to making sure that dogs remain healthy, and a healthy dog is a happy dog. With some dogs, keeping them happy and healthy is as simple as choosing the correct dog food, however, other dogs require extra care in order to remain in top condition.

Dogs come in all different shapes, sizes and breeds and it is important to take all of these factors into consideration when choosing the correct dog food. For instance, a smaller dog is extremely unlikely to be able to eat the same amount of food, or have the same nutritional needs, as a large dog. In addition to this, inadequate dog nutrition can lead to dogs feeling restless and lethargic, as well as causing dogs to become more prone to illnesses and infections.

There are a wide range of dog food brands available on the market, and many brands offer a selection of different foods that are tailored for specific dog sizes and breeds. Puppies also need different food, compared to more mature dogs, as they need the correct nutritional mix to grow properly and healthily. Some dog food manufacturers also produce food that is tailored for specific canine medical conditions, such as those tailored for dogs who are overweight.

In addition to the wide and varied range of dog foods that are available on the market, there are a range of other dog nutrition products which are freely available. These nutritional canine products provide additional support for dogs to help improve joint movement, oral health, skin and coat health and to aid brain function in older dogs. These nutritional supplements acknowledge the fact that each dog is unique and some dogs require extra help to remain in optimum health.  Supplements and treats that provide these benefits and support, from brands such as Bob Martin and Synoquin are available here at Vetpharmacy.

One of the most common occurrences when dogs will need extra nutritional care is if they develop arthritis. Years of running around, chasing balls – and in some cases even their own tails – can lead to joint pain and stiffness. If this is the case, then there are a range of treats and supplements to help ease joint pain and stiffness. Many of these products contain Omega 3 fatty acids which are a type of healthy fat. Omega 3 can help dogs by easing joint pain, as well as stimulating alertness in older dogs. Treats and supplements to help with joint problems, also tend to contain glucosamine. This is because it is believed that glucosamine can help to reduce inflammation and enhance the regeneration of bones. This makes it the ideal supplement for dogs with arthritis. Chondroitin is also commonly found in nutritional supplements for canine arthritis suffers, as it helps to keep cartilage healthy, as well as helping to block out the enzymes that can cause damage to the cartilage.

Dog nutrition can be a complex issue, but is mainly based around providing them with the correct nutritional mix, so that they can lead happy and healthy lives. However, every dog is unique and faces different health problems, but there are a range of canine nutrition products on the market to cater for the majority of dogs needs and to help make owners lives easier.

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Stop your cat or dog from suffering with worms

Cat and dog wormersIntestinal worms can be a big problem for your pet and through their presence they can cause vomiting and diarrhoea in both cats and dogs. Here, Vetpharmacy takes a deeper look at the issue of worms in cats and dogs…

Worms varying feeding habits can also damage an animal’s health in different ways. Tapeworms, for instance, anchor themselves to the gut wall and feed on the animal’s blood. Not surprisingly, a heavy infestation can cause anaemia, lethargy, loss of appetite and a dull lifeless coat. Roundworms, which live freely in the gut and live off the contents, can cause a similar range of symptoms and are particularly threatening to puppies and kittens.

It is fairly well known that the dog roundworm can infect humans, and children in particular, who typically pick up the worm eggs from contaminated soil, infected sandpits being a common source. The worm larvae migrate through the body, and if they find themselves behind the retina, they can cause permanent damage to the child’s eyesight. The risk can be minimised by worming your pets regularly, to prevent further contamination of the environment. You should always remember to use a poop-scoop, and dispose of your dog’s faeces responsibly.

It is very difficult to prevent worm infection in both cats and dogs. However there are two steps that every pet owner can take to protect against worm infection and stop the damage that worms can cause to your pet’s health, as well as preventing the spread of worm eggs within the environment. Both of these steps can be achieved through the use of dog and cat worming tablets, such as Drontal, which is available here at Vetpharmacy.

Drontal worming tablets not only kill worms before they can cause any serious health problems for your pet, but it also kills them before they reach maturity and start producing eggs. Although there are a wide range of worming tablets available, Drontal is the only wormer that is able to kill every type of intestinal worm which is commonly found within cats and dogs in the UK. Drontal is also prescribed twice as often as all other wormers put together by UK vets. Drontal is clearly trusted by the professionals, making it a brand that you know you can trust too.

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